Student loan interest rates could reach 12% by september 2022

Student loan interest rates could reach 12% by september 2022
  • Student loan interest rates to increase from 4.5% to 12% for high earners
  • Rise in inflation means interest rates for low-income earners will rise from 1.5% to 9%
  • For some graduates, additional interest of 3 euros will be charged for 6 months starting in September.000 £ an
  • IFS said, "roller coaster of interest rates ahead"

Students and graduates in England and Wales are to pay 12 percent interest on their loans from the autumn, in what the Institute for Fiscal Studies describes as a "rollercoaster ride".

Post-2012 student loan interest rates to rise from 4.5 percent to 12 percent for current students and high earners.

Meanwhile, the rate for low-income earners is set to rise from 1.5 percent to 9 percent.

It comes after it turned out that the inflation measure of the retail price index for March, on which the current interest system is based, is 9 percent. Low earners pay interest at the March RPI rate, while higher earners and current students pay RPI plus 3 percent.

High earners could be paying up to three times the usual interest on their student loans from September, as rates explode to as much as 12 percent.

English and Welsh graduates who took out student loans from 2012 have been told to brace themselves for much higher interest rates on student loans, which come into effect from September 2022.

This would be the highest rate since tuition fees for university students in England were raised to 9.£000 per year from 2012.

While the IFS says most young graduates face a rollercoaster ride in interest rates, they hope the long-term impact on repayments will not be too great.

Today's RPI inflation means that the maximum interest rate that current undergraduate and graduate students with incomes over 49.130 charged, would rise from its current level of 4.5 per cent to 12 per cent from September.

This means that a high earning graduate with a typical loan balance of 50.000 £ in six months 3.000 would pay in interest – three times more than recent graduates would normally repay in that time.

The maximum interest rate on student loans is expected to fall between 7 and 9 per cent in March 2023 – when an interest rate cap takes effect – before falling to a projected 0 per cent in September 2024, before rising again to 5 per cent March 2025.

The IFS said these "wild swings" in interest rates are due to the combination of high inflation and the introduction of the interest rate cap, which takes six months to take effect.


While fluctuating interest rates affect all student loans, they can have a significant impact on high-earning graduates who are expected to repay their loans.

For many, this brief increase and other fluctuations expected over the next few years will not make much difference in the amount they repay.

The main risk, according to the IFS, is that it could deter potential students who don't understand the complex system, as well as high-earning graduates who may be tempted to use their savings to pay off their remaining loans.

Tom Allingham of Save the Student said, "At a time when students and graduates are struggling with huge increases in the cost of living, today's RPI announcement is another blow.


High earners with student loans from 2012 are expected to be hit hardest by rising inflation until the price cap takes effect in March 2023

'A maximum interest rate of 12 percent, if implemented, would massively exceed the previous Plan 2 high of 6.6 percent and would be nearly triple the current prime rate.

"For low-income earners whose loans only carry interest at the RPI rate, using the March figure would mean their interest rate will be six times higher in September than it is now.

"It is worth noting that since graduates only ever repay a percentage of their income above a threshold, any change in interest rate will not affect the monthly repayment amount.

"However, higher interest rates mean larger total debt, which in turn means that it takes longer to repay the loan for those who might otherwise have done so sooner.

"Another important factor is that if the government determines that the interest rate on Plan 2 student loans is higher than that on comparable unsecured commercial loans, it can and will cap them at what is called the prevailing market rate.

"They did this last year, but the decision on this new RPI rate will not be made until August, leaving months of uncertainty in between."

How is my student loan interest rate calculated?

At the start of the study from 2012:

– Your current interest rate is up to 4.5 percent. It is set to rise to up to 12 per cent in September.

– Starting in September 2022, students and first-year students will be charged the maximum interest rate while in college, to be announced in August.

– For graduates, interest rates are calculated with RPI +3 percent. To those who have 49.earning £130 or more could be charged 12 percent interest, while those earning less than 27.Pay £296, 9 percent interest could be charged, with everyone in between on a sliding scale

– You don't start paying off your loan until April after you graduate and earn more than 27.£295 per year

– If you are not doing your job with a salary of more than 28.000 £ to start, you are unlikely to repay your entire loan before it is wiped out after 30 years.

If you started university in 1998-2011 or are Scottish or Northern Irish:

– The interest rate you are currently charged is 1.5% and will likely remain at 1.5%

– This is because it is based on the lowest interest rate from the RPI OR the Bank of England prime rate is currently 0.5 percent plus 1 percent

– These student loans are repaid once graduates are over 20.195 £ per year or 25.Earn £375 for Scottish students.

When starting college before 1998:

– The current interest rate is 1.5 percent and could rise to 9 percent starting in September

– It is based solely on the March RPI number (or prevailing market rate).

– Repayments will be made by graduates who have suffered over 36.Earn £284 per year

Tom concluded, "Disappointingly, the government also failed to answer some of our key questions that would have helped us accurately inform young borrowers of the potential outcomes.

"We would strongly encourage them to publish clear guidance as soon as possible to reassure students and graduates that their loans will not be subject to record-breaking interest rates."

For students with loans after 2012, unpaid balances will be written off after 30 years, but students graduating from 2023 will have to repay loans for up to 40 years.

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